How to List Users in a Group on Ubuntu Server

Posted: July 18, 2012 in linux

It isn’t obvious at first how to list all the members of a group from a Linux command line (I’m using Ubuntu Server 10.04 Lucid Lynx).

Listing A User’s Groups

It is very easy to list the groups that a user belongs to. Simply use the groups command.

$ groups user

This command will output the user name and a space-delimited list of all the groups that user belongs to, as follows:

user : user dialout cdrom floppy audio dip vido plugdev users fuse lp admin sambashare

Listing a Group’s Members (Users)

If you want to do the opposite, and list the members of a group, you can use the members command. The catch is: the command is not installed by default. Fortunately, it is simple to install:

$ sudo apt-get install members

Once the package is installed, you can issue the members command similarly to how you issue the groups command.

$ members groupname

This will output a space-delimited list of all the members of the group, as follows:

member1 member2 member3

Unlike the groups command, it does not output the name of the group. You may use the optional arguments --primary and --secondary to list only the primary or secondary users within the group.



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